Mount Crandell
2381m (7812ft.)

Located northwest of Middle Waterton Lake, south of Blakiston Creek, and northeast of Cameron Creek. Waterton Park, Alberta Major headwater Oldman River.
Latitude 49; 04; 35 Longitude 113; 55; 40, Topo map 82H/04

Panorama viewpoint: Pine Ridge, Sofa Mountain Hill. Can be seen from Highways 5 and Red Rock Canyon Road

Named in 1914. Crandell, Edward H. (A Calgary businessman, E.H. Crandell was one of the city's first "oilmen." Official name. Other names Black Bear Mountain, Sheep Mountain

Photo: Looking northwest to Mount Crandell from Vimy Peak (courtesy Rienk Lakeman)
More photos

Other Information
Photo: Looking west-southwest to Mount Crandell

When the mountains in the area of Waterton Lakes were being considered as a possible national park a Department of the Interior report referred to the Wilson Range which stretches from the Belly River in the east to the Waterton Lakes. A Canadian government department, it may have been biased when it stated, "The culminating point of this range, Mount Cleveland, 10 535 feet in height is in Montana, but its most significant peak is its Canadian summit, Sheep Mountain, which though only 7580 feet high, makes up what it lacks in altitude by its situation at the angle of the Waterton Lakes." In fact, Sheep Mountain is not even part of the Wilson Range. However the significance of its location directly northwest of Waterton Townsite and the northern end of Waterton Lakes is correct. Sheep Mountain was Kootenai Brown's favourite peak. He enjoyed looking at it as well as hunting on it in the fall.

Sheep Mountain was renamed Mount Crandell in 1914 after Edward Henry Crandell, a pioneer Calgary businessman and City Councillor who had an interest in the first producing oil well in western Canada, Discovery No. 1.

Early visitors to southwestern Alberta had been told by Indians of oil seepages in the Waterton Lakes area and Kootenai Brown and his companion William Aldridge had noticed beads of oil floating on Cameron Creek. In 1902 John Lineham of Okotoks, Alberta formed the Rocky Mountain Development Company, shares were sold, and a drilling rig shipped from Petrolia, Ontario. The following year the roar of heavy machinery reverberated though the Cameron Creek valley just west of Mount Crandell and oil was discovered at a depth of 311 metres. In preparation for the expected boom a townsite named Oil City was cleared, steets were surveyed, and several buildings constructed. However the flow of oil came to a halt, the boom didn't materialize, and after three years of work the well was abandoned.

Scrambling Routes
Mount Crandell offers an opportunity to scramble up a small summit on the very doorstep of Waterton townsite. Three different routes, discussed in decreasing order of difficulty, can be readily combined to effect a traverse. In spite of a radio repeater on top, the ascent is worth doing. Try from May on. Kane, Scrambles in the Canadian Rockies page 34

Bear's Hump Approach
Difficult scrambling. Most demanding of the three described routes is an ascent from Bear's Hump.

Tick Ridge
The most popular ascent line starts close to the Park Warden's Office/Maintenance Compound. Moderate scrambling.

Southeast Slopes
The easiest route, used most frequently for a quick descent, uses open slopes on the right (north) side of this same southeast-facing drainage gully emerging slightly north of the Warden's Office.


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