Cromwell Tower
3215m (10548ft.)

Located at the head of Bison Creek and the head of Totem Creek; 0.5 km south of Englehard Tower on south portion of Mount Murchison. Banff Park, Alberta Major headwater Saskatchewan River.
Latitude 51; 54; 20 Longitude 116; 38; 20, Topo map 82N/15
Can be seen from Highway 93N

Named by W.L. Putnam in 1973. Cromwell, Oliver Eaton (Oliver Cromwell was an American who began climbing in the Canadian Rockies in 1928 and made many first ascents.) Unofficial name.

First ascended in 1938 by E. Cromwell, Georgia Engelhard, guided by Edward Feuz jr.. Journal reference AAJ 3-366; CAJ 25-26.

Photo: Looking north to (l-r) Bison Tower, Cromwell Tower, and Engelhard Tower from the Icefields Parkway

Other Information

Mount Murchison was named by James Hector in 1858 after Sir Roderick Murchison who was at that time the director of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and had recommended that Hector be chosen as the geologist on the Palliser Expedition. In a letter written in 1859, Sir Murchison thanked Hector, "for attaching my name to this culminating point."

The base of Mount Murchison covers an area measuring five km by seven km. There are two high points on the main summit (northwest and southeast). They are 700 metres apart. Seven "towers" in excess of 3050 metres (Engelhard Tower, Gest Tower, Feuz Tower, Bison Tower, Cromwell Tower, Hall Tower, and South East Tower,) lie to the southeast and have been unofficially named. It is a rather unique mountain and Bow Pass is probably the best point to get a feeling for its areal extent and the fact that it has so many individual summits of approximately the same elevation.

It is said that the Indians believed that Mount Murchison was the highest peak in the Rockies.


In 1935 Georgia Engelhard, an outstanding lady climber who completed 32 first ascents in the Rockies and Selkirks, climbed in Europe with Eaton "Tony" Cromwell, a veteran mountaineer. They were married in 1947 after several years of climbing together in the Canadian Rockies. They retired to Switzerland spending their final years enjoying the Alps together.

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